Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor. In 1981, at the age of 21, she won a public design competition for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, beating over 1,000 other submissions. The graceful and abstract v-shaped granite memorial was originally seen as controversial because it was a non traditional design for a war memorial, but it has since become a popular and emotional draw for the public. More than 10,000 people view the memorial per day.
Today’s first Women’s History Month illustration is of Ellen Ochoa, the first Hispanic woman in the world to go to space (Discovery, 1993) and the current director of the Johnson Space Center. She is a veteran of four space flights and she has logged over 900 hours in space.
Today’s second Women’s History Month illustration is of Shirley Chisholm (1924-2005), the first Black woman elected to Congress, the first woman to run for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination, and the first Black candidate for a major party’s nomination for President.
Today’s first Women’s History Month illustration is of Grace Hopper (1906-1992), an American computer scientist and Navy Rear Admiral. During WWII, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer. She invented the first compiler for a computer programming language, which led to the invention of the popular COBOL computer programming language. She was also the first woman to earn a PhD in Math from Yale.
Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Wilma Mankiller, the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation. She served as principal chief from 1985 to 1995. Under her administration, the Cherokee Nation saw an increase of citizens from 55,000 to 156,000. In office, she focused on improving the Nation’s government, healthcare and education systems. She also improved the relationship between the Cherokee Nation and the federal government. After leaving office, she remained an activist for Native American and women’s rights.
Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Dolores Huerta, one of the most prominent Chicana labor activists of the 20th century.
Along with Cesar Chavez, she founded the National Farmworkers Association which is now the United Farm Workers. Huerta led a historic boycott against the grape industry (1965 Delano Strike) to gain better working conditions for farmworkers. With the UFW, she organized workers, negotiated contracts, advocated for safer working conditions, and fought for unemployment and healthcare benefits for farmworkers. During the 90s and 00s, she worked to elect more Latinos and women to political office and fought for women’s rights.
Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Chien-Shiung Wu, a Chinese-American experimental physicist also known as the First Lady of Physics and the Queen of Nuclear Research.
She made many contributions to nuclear physics including working on the Manhattan Project (helped develop the process for separating uranium metal into isotopes) and conducting the Wu experiment (her results disproved an existing law of nature and in turn changed physics forever).
Wu was also the first female instructor at Princeton and the first female president of the American Physical Society.
Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Virne “Jackie” Mitchell, one of the first women in professional baseball. During an exhibition game, 17 year old Mitchell struck out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig. A few days later, baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned women from the sport due to it being “too strenuous.” Mitchell’s amazing performance most likely had something to do with it.
Today’s Women’s History Month illustration is of Maggie L. Walker (1864 – 1934), an African American entrepreneur. She broke traditional gender and discriminatory laws by becoming the first woman to establish and become president of a bank in the United States. The bank, Saint Luke Penny Savings Bank was established in 1903 in Richmond, VA.